Psalm 110

Read: Psalm 110:1; Acts 2:36; Romans 1:3 – 4; Mark 12:36-37;  Matthew 22:44; Luke 20:42.

Psalm 110 is a Psalm of David, identified as such by no less an authority than Jesus Himself. The subject of the psalm is the Messiah, and the psalm succinctly reveals characteristics of the Messiah and His ministry. Psalm 110:1 reveals that the Messiah is Lord, which is a reference to His divine nature.

Think About It: On whose authority can we say that “Jesus is Lord”? What is the significance of Jesus’ question in Mark 12:37?  According to Romans 1:4 how do we know that Jesus, a “Son of David,” is also the Son of God?

Prayer: Praise to the Triune God.


Read: Psalm 110:1; Romans 8:34; Psalm 48:10; Luke 22:69; Acts 7:55 – 56

The reference to Christ being seated at God’s right hand in Psalm 110:1 is explained by Matthew Henry: “Sitting at the right hand of God denotes both his dignity and his dominion, the honor put upon him and the trusts reposed in him by the Father. All the favors that come from God to man, and all the service that comes from man to God, pass through his hand.”

Think About It: What does Christ’s position at the right hand of the Father mean for me (Romans 8:34)?

Prayer: Praise the Lord that Jesus pleads my cause to the Father.


Read: Psalm 110:1; Ephesians 1:22; Hebrews 10:12 – 13; Romans 8:37

Psalm 110:1, “. . .until I make Thine enemies Thy footstool,” reminds us that although Christ sits enthroned in power in heaven, there are those who reject His rule. We now live in that period of time between Christ’s ascension to the right hand of God and God’s final and Christ’s final victory over His enemies.

Think About It: Who are the enemies of Christ (see for example Ephesians 2:1 – 3)?   Why is there no doubt about the final outcome of the battle between Christ and His enemies? What does this mean for me?

Prayer: Thank God for overwhelming victory that is mine through Christ.


Read: Psalm 110:2; Isaiah 55:11; Romans 1:16; 1 Thessalonians 1:5; Luke 10:3; Acts 1:8

Psalm 110:2 reveals that the Messiah’s strength goes forth out of Jerusalem.  Matthew Henry thought the “rod of Thy strength” is nothing less than the Gospel of Christ, accompanied by the power of the Holy Spirit.

Think About It: What makes the Gospel the “power of God unto salvation”? What implications does this have for preaching, teaching, and witnessing for Christ?

Prayer: Praise God for the power of the Gospel to change lives.


Read: Psalm 110:3; 2 Peter 3:10 – 11, 14; Luke 1:78; Isaiah 40:31; Jude 14; Zechariah 14:5; 1 Thessalonians 3:13

Psalm 110:3 refers to the involvement of God’s people in the Gospel ministry. The Gospel is served and the Kingdom of Christ advanced by willing people, serving in the power of God, adorned with the beauty of holiness, coming with a message ever fresh (from the womb of the morning) and delivered with the vigor of youth ever renewed. Some commentators view Psalm 110:3 as a reference to the coming of the saints with Christ at His final return; however the context of Ps. 110:1 – 4 also includes the present time.

Think About It: What keeps me renewed in the service of the Gospel (Isaiah 40:31)? What does it mean to “wait upon the Lord”? Why is holiness so important for those who serve the Gospel of Christ?

Prayer: For refreshment from the Lord.


Read: Psalm 110:4, 7; Hebrews 5:6, 6:20; 7:17 – 28; 10:10; Philippians 2:8 – 11

Psalm 110:4 reveals that the Messiah is both King and Priest.   This is why Melchizedek was a type of Christ. Unlike the Levitical priests, Christ offered Himself as the perfect, onceforall sacrifice. Psalm 110:7 also refers to Christ’s work of atonement: “He shall drink of the brook in the way.” He was humbled; when He was taken away from the garden He crossed over the brook Kidron (John 18:1). He drank from the cup of sufferings in our stead. “Therefore shall He lift up the head” God exalted Him. He offering was acceptable to God; God raised Him from the dead and received Him into heaven to sit at His right hand.

Think About It: Who declared Jesus a priest? How long is the priesthood of Jesus going to last? Are any further sacrifices for sin necessary? Is there any longer any reason for the existence of a human priesthood?

Prayer: Thank God for the all-sufficient, once-for-all sacrifice of Christ.


Read: Psalm 110:5 – 6; Revelation 6:16, 19:13 – 15; Joel 3:2, 11 -14

Psalm 110:5 – 6 reveals that the Messiah Priest-King’s work on earth is not done. The Lord “at Thy right hand” is coming in wrath to judge the world. Those whose concept of Christ is limited to “gentle Jesus meek and mild” and who do not fear Him so as to repent and submit to Him will have to bear the “wrath of the Lamb” (Revelation 6:16).

Think About It: How do we know that God isn’t just going to forgive everyone at the last?  According to Psalm 110:5 – 6, what is Jesus going to do when He returns? Am I ready for that Day?

Prayer: Thank God that there is no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus.