Psalm 133

Read: Psalm 133; 2 Corinthians 6:14 – 17; John 13:34 – 35; Ephesians 4:3;

1 Corinthians 11:18 – 19

The Hebrew word for unity describes being whole, being in a state of oneness, and therefore being in a strengthened position. The unity described in Psalm 133 is between brothers. Within the church unity is a top priority. Even so, unity is not to be sought at the expense of compromising the truth.

Think About It: According to 1 Corinthians 11:18 – 19 and 2 Corinthians 6:14 – 17, where is unity neither possible nor desirable?  Am I experiencing the right kind of unity in my life?

Prayer: For the experience of unity without compromising truth.


Read: Psalm 133; Psalm 120

Godly unity is supposed to be a long-term experience according to Psalm 133. Brothers “dwell together” in unity; the Hebrew word for “dwell” refers to “setting up camp,” usually for a long period of time. Unity is not to be an occasional or accidental agreement, but a state in which we live.  

Think About It: Compare Psalm 133 with Psalm 120.  Which psalm best describes where I dwell?

Prayer: For my life to be more like Psalm 133 than Psalm 120.


Read: Psalm 133; 1 Corinthians 1:10; 3:3; Romans 16:17

Unity as described in Psalm 133:1 is “good and pleasant.” The Hebrew word for “good” refers to moral good as opposed to evil. The absence of unity is therefore the absence of moral goodness, which is evil.

Think About It: What was Paul’s desire for the church at Corinth (1 Corinthians 1:10)?  What did the divisiveness at Corinth reveal about the spiritual maturity of the Corinthians (1 Corinthians 3:3)? Am I evidencing maturity in dealing with difficult relationships?

Prayer: For the pleasure of unity to grace my relationships with other Christians.


Read: Psalm 133; Exodus 3:22, 25, 30; 2 Timothy 2:20 – 23

Unity as described in Psalm 133 involves a vital holiness. Unity is “like precious oil upon the head, running down upon the beard.” The reference to Aaron tells us this oil was not ordinary olive oil, but the special anointing oil mixed with four spices that was never used for common purposes. To be set apart for divine purposes is the very definition of what is holy.  This holiness is not that of a plaster saint, it is vigorously alive and active. In Hebrew culture the man’s beard was a symbol of his vitality; if mutilating the beard was a means of bringing shame (2 Samuel 10:4) then anointing the beard brought honor by exalting the man’s beauty.

Think About It: Read 2 Timothy 2:20 – 23. What makes a vessel honorable in God’s sight? What kind of vessel am I presenting to God for His use?

Prayer: That I might be a vessel of honor.


Read: Psalm 133; Matthew 5:23 – 24; Ephesians 2:13 – 18; 4:3, 32

Unity is a gift from God.  This is made clear in Psalm 133 by the mention of Aaron. Aaron was appointed by God through anointing by Moses.  Unity, like Aaron’s priesthood, is also a gift from God, secured by Christ’s reconciling work on the cross and empowered by the Holy Spirit.

Think About It: What must I do to receive the gift of unity that God gives? What does it mean to “make fast the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace” (Ephesians 4:3)? Am I willing to do what it takes to keep unity?

Prayer: Praise God for His gift of unity; pray for the grace to keep it.


Read: Psalm 133; Exodus 28:22 – 28; Romans 14:19

Unity is for the whole church. The precious oil ran down Aaron’s beard and upon his robes. On his chest he wore the breastplate which contained 12 precious stones on which were engraved the names of the 12 tribes of Israel. Unity is therefore pictured as a gift, and a priority, not only for leaders (like Aaron) but for all the people of God.

Think About It: Am I doing the “things which make for peace” (Romans 14:19) in the church? What things could I be doing that make for peace?

Prayer: For the wisdom and strength to do the things that make for peace.


Read: Psalm 133:3;  Acts 4:32 – 37, 10:34 – 35

Unity is a blessing that flows from highest to lowest. This truth is pictured in Psalm 133 by  reference to the “dew of Herman,”  which is moisture carried from the highest mountain to the surrounding hills. Spurgeon wrote that this sharing of unity from the highest to lowest means that in the church the little ones are not to be despised; that faith is the only true basis of fellowship, not position or status;  that each member of the body of Christ is important to all the others; and that wealth and blessings will be freely shared by those who have the with those who do not.

Think About It: How do my attitudes and actions towards others in the church square with Spurgeon’s description?

Prayer: For my life to be a means of conveying God’s gift of unity.