Psalm 45

Read: Psalm 45; 1 Corinthians 10:4; Genesis 22:2; Ruth 1:16 – 17

The historical context of Psalm 45 is that of the king’s wedding, but whose wedding we do not know. Because the king of the psalm was a warrior, David is a more likely subject than Solomon.  The value of the Psalm 45 is in its typology: the king represents Jesus, the bride represents the church or the individual believer. This is the same symbolism that is found in the Song of Solomon.

Think about it: What is the meaning of the symbolism in each of the Scripture passages for today? Can an event be both historical and symbolic? What are some other biblical examples of typology?

Prayer: For insight into understanding the symbolism of the Bible.


Read: Psalm 45:1; Exodus 35:21, 36:2; 1 Kings 21:25; 2 Chronicles 36:22; Acts 17:16

The psalmist is clearly stirred in his heart about his theme: the glory of the king and the beauty of the bride– symbolically, the glory of Christ and the beauty of His church at her ideal best.

Think about it: What are some other things that stir people’s hearts? Is my heart stirred by the theme of the glory of Christ and the beauty of His church? Who and what stirs my heart?

Prayer: That my heart might be stirred by things that are important in God’s eyes.


Read: Psalm 45:2; 1 Timothy 2:5; Luke 4:22; Hebrews 7:2, 17; John 8:58; Revelation 1:8

The king, who represents Christ in this psalm, is called the most excellent of men. Jesus was Himself a man, and the most excellent of men. His lips were anointed with grace. Jesus was more than a man, as His existence was eternal; the psalmist reflects this when he writes, “God has blessed him forever.” Jesus could say of Himself, “Before Abraham was, I AM.”   

Think about it: What are some examples from the life of Jesus that show him to be the most excellent of men?

Prayer: Praise Jesus that through His humanity He understands my every pain and weakness.

Read: Psalm 45:3 – 5; Romans 19:11 – 16; Hebrews 4:12; 1 Corinthians 15:24 – 28

This passage of Psalm 45 might be titled “The Son of God Goes Forth to War.” We see Jesus in splendor, majesty, might, and victory. We see Him riding forth to fight for truth, humility and righteousness.

Think about it: What weapons does Jesus use? Over whom is He victorious? In what sense is His victory already accomplished? What aspects of His victory are still to come?

Prayer: Thank God for victory in Jesus.


Read: Psalm 45:6 – 9; Isaiah 9:7; 2 Peter 3:13; Revelation 21:6 – 8; Philippians 2:8 – 9; John 15:11; Hebrews 12:2; 2 Corinthians 2:15 – 16

This portion of Psalm 45 could be titled “Characteristics of the King.” We see that King Jesus loves righteousness and hates wickedness; we see His excellence above His companions; we see Him anointed by the oil of joy; we see Him coming out of ivory palaces wearing fragrant robes.  Jesus is not a grim conqueror who brings death and judgment; He is a liberator come to bring fullness of life, joy, and peace.

Think about it: Why is it important to both love righteousness and hate wickedness? What are the consequences of doing one and not the other? Do I do both?

Prayer: Praise Christ for His surpassing excellence; for the fragrance that leads to salvation; for the liberation He has brought to my life.


Read: Psalm 45:11 – 15; Ephesians 4:13 – 15; Titus 3:5; Matthew 6:5 – 6; 1 Corinthians 11:1; Philippians 3:1, 4:4

Psalm 45:11 – 15 could be titled “Picture of the Ideal Believer” or “The Church in Perfection.” The beauty of the church is imputed. She wears the righteousness of Christ and is purified by the Holy Spirit. She enjoys intimate fellowship with Christ, and she leads others to the same kind of fellowship.

Think about it: Do I enjoy times of private fellowship with Christ? Do I give a good example for others to follow? Do others see the beauty of Christ in me?

Prayer: “Let the beauty of Jesus be seen in me.”


Read: Psalm 45:10 – 11; Romans 12:1 – 2

Psalm 45:10 – 11 is “Instruction to the Believer.” The believer is to listen to the Lord, and to be transformed from worldliness.

Think About It: Am I “counter-culture”? Am I being transformed by the renewing of my mind?

Prayer:  For positive change, spiritual growth, a renewed mind.