Psalm 89

Read: Psalm 89:1 – 2; Proverbs 11:30; John 4:36; 1 Thessalonians 2:19; James 5:20

The typical pattern of a psalm of complaint is that the psalm begins with complaint and ends with praise. Psalm 89 reverses this pattern.  The psalmist, though in great distress, made praising God top priority. Verses 1 and 2 of Psalm 89 are the great hope of the believer. Not only will we enjoy eternal life, but our witness to God results in an influence that lasts eternally.

Think About It: How is it possible to “lay up treasure in heaven” (Matthew 6:20 – 21)? How am I having an influence that will last for eternity?

Prayer: That I might make known God’s faithfulness to all generations.

 

Read: Psalm 89:3 – 5; 2 Samuel 7:1 – 16; Ephesians 3:20

Verses 3 – 5 of Psalm 89 celebrate God’s covenant with David. That covenant can be summed up as having three parts: God would give him a HOUSE- a dynasty, a kingly family; God would provide him with a KINGDOM, a sphere of rule; God would grant him a THRONE, a seat of government. Solomon and David’s later physical descendants were not the ultimate fulfillment of this covenant. The ultimate fulfillment would come in One who fulfilled all of the predicted characteristics:  “of the house and lineage of David,” born of a virgin (Isaiah 7:14), and qualified for the titles of Isaiah 9:6-7.

Think About It: Who is the ultimate fulfillment of God’s covenant with David?  How did the ancient Jews expect this covenant would be fulfilled? Was God’s ultimate fulfillment less, or more, than what those ancient Jews expected? How does God continue to surprise us with His faithfulness today?

Prayer: Praise God for doing exceeding abundantly more than all we can ask or conceive.

 

Read: Psalm 89:6 – 14; John 1:1 – 3; Colossians 1:12 – 20

Verses 6 – 14 of Psalm 89 exalt the God of Israel– and prophetically exalt Jesus Christ. There has been no one else like Jesus Christ in all of history. He alone is creator of all things; He alone stilled the waves of the sea with a word of command; of Him alone can it be truly said, “The heavens and earth are Yours.”

Think About It: What are some ways that verses 6 – 14 of Psalm 89 apply to Jesus Christ?

Prayer: Praise the incomparable Lord Jesus Christ.

 

Read: Psalm 89:15 – 18; Numbers 23:21; Joshua 6:5; Psalm 81:1 – 3; Leviticus 25:9 -13;

Isaiah 61:1

Verses 15 – 18 of Psalm 89 exalt the Israel of God.  What is the “joyful sound” of verse 15? Matthew Henry suggests three possibilities: 1) the shout of the victorious king and victorious army; 2) the joyful sounds of praise and worship connected with the tabernacle and temple sacrifices; 3) the sound of the trumpet in the year of jubilee, proclaiming liberty throughout the land.

Think About It: How have I heard the joyful sound in my life?

Prayer: Praise God with a joyful sound.

 

Read: Psalm 89:19 – 29

Verses 19 – 29 of Psalm 89 expand on God’s promises to David. Verses 19, 27, and 29 are especially prophetic of the coming of the Messiah, Jesus. Verse 19 tells us the Messiah is holy and exalted (Mark 1:24); verse 27 tells us He is higher than the kings of the earth (Revelation 17:14, 19:16); verse 29 tells us His kingdom is eternal (Isaiah 9:7; 2 Peter 1:11).

Think About It: What other verses of Psalm 89:19 – 29 point to the coming Messiah, and in what way?

Prayer: Praise God for fulfilling His promise to send the Holy One, the King of Kings, to establish His eternal kingdom.

 

Read: Psalm 89:30 – 37; Romans 3:4

Verses 30 – 37 of Psalm 89 plainly state that there is a conditional aspect to God’s covenant with David. 6. In Matthew 23:37-39 we learn that the House of David may be desolate of a ruler, because of disobedience (Hosea 3:4). But the rejection of the One who fulfilled the Davidic Covenant does not abrogate that Covenant. That One is coming back; see Zechariah 14:4-9. He will triumph over the enemies of Israel in a great battle and establish His throne in Jerusalem. Then, according to Amos 9:11 and Jeremiah 23:5,6, the Davidic throne shall be reestablished.  Any mystery surrounding the identity of this Davidic King is cleared up in Revelation 22:16.

Think About It: How does Romans 3:4 relate to verses 30 – 37 of Psalm 89? How does God deal with the lack of faithfulness of His people?

Prayer: Praise God for His faithfulness.

 

Read: Psalm 89:38- 52; Hebrews 10:31, 12:4 – 13

Verses 38- 52 of Psalm 89 are the psalmist’s complaint, in which he described the plight of God’s people in terms of abandonment.  Contrary to 89:39, God was faithful to His covenant, but not in the way the Jews anticipated.  God did not prop up a fragile earthly kingdom; He sent the King of Kings to establish an eternal kingdom.  God’s discipline for sin is no trifling matter – Hebrews 10:31.

Think About It: Have I ever experienced God’s discipline for sin? How does Hebrews 12:4 – 13 say I should respond to God’s discipline?

Prayer: Thank God for His unfailing love, even when it is expressed in discipline.

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