Psalm 91

Read: Psalm 91:1; Psalm 27:5; Psalm 31:19 – 20; Isaiah 45:3; Song of Solomon 2:10 – 14

Psalm 91 is a favorite psalm for those who find themselves in places of great danger and trouble.  The psalm has no title in the Hebrew and no ascribed author.  When this occurs in the Psalms, the author is assumed to be the author of the previous psalm, which was Moses.  Moses had personal experience with dwelling in the “shadow of the Almighty” and in “the secret place of the Most High.He was the one who spoke with the Lord on Sinai, who communed with Him in the tent outside the camp, and who brought from Him the design for the Tabernacle with its “Holy of Holies.”

Think About It: What is the “secret place of the Most High” according to Psalm 27:5 and 31:19 – 20? What is it according to Isaiah 45:3?  What is it in the Song of Solomon 2:10 – 14?  Do I view times of trouble as an opportunity to discover the treasure and the intimate fellowship of God’s secret place?

Prayer: That I might dwell in the secret place of the Most High.


Read: Psalm 91:1, 9, 14; John 15:4 – 10

According to Psalm 91:9, the favored believer of the psalm made the Lord his habitation; in verse 1 the reference is to “dwelling” and “abiding.”  The picture was not of a person who fled to the Lord only in distress, but of one who found protection in the Lord because they dwelt in His presence continually.  In Psalm 91:14 the Lord describes this believer as one who has set his love upon God and one who knows God’s name– that is, one who is acquainted with God’s essential nature.  

Think About It: How does Jesus describe “abiding” in John 15:4 – 10?  Is my Christian experience one of abiding constantly with God, or one of running to Him when I have a need or am in trouble?  

Prayer: Lord, help me to abide in You.


Read: Psalm 91:2, 4 ,  9; Ruth 2:12; Psalm 17:8; Psalm 36:7; Genesis 15:1

The psalmist described the Lord as “our refuge and fortress,” as a “shield and buckler,” as our sheltering wing.  The image of God as a shield recalls His promise to Abraham, “I am thy shield” (Genesis 15:1). The image of the “wings” is used elsewhere in the psalms; it may be considered to have a double meaning. There is the sheltering wing of the mother hen to her chicks. There are also the wings of the cherubim, overspreading the ark of the covenant (1 Kings 8:6) in the Holy of Holies, “the secret place of the Most High” where the psalmist seeks refuge.

Think About It: What evidence is there in Psalm 91 that the “wings” which protect us are the wings of the cherubim?  How have I experienced God as a shield? As a refuge and fortress?

Prayer: Lord, help me dwell securely in You.


Read: Psalm 91:3, 15; Psalm 18:2; Psalm 35:17; Psalm 40:2, 17; 2 Samuel 22:2

The images of God as a refuge, fortress, shield, and sheltering wing are static.  Psalm 91:3 and 15 remind us that the Lord’s protection is far more than passive: the Lord acts as our deliverer. When we are trapped in snares, threatened by plagues or storms, the Lord comes to us, disentangles us, rescues us.

Think About It: God is pictured in Psalm 91 as both a passive defense and an active deliverer.  Why do I need to understand both pictures of God?

Prayer: Praise God that He comes to get me out of trouble.


Read: Psalm 91:3, 5, 6, 10, 16

The psalmist pictured several types of dangers from which God delivers us. We do not need to be afraid. Even if our earthly lives are lost, God has granted us salvation and eternal life (Psalm 91:16).

Think About It: What are the dangers from which God delivers us as spelled out in Psalm 91:3, 5, 6, 10 – and what is the significance of each one?

Prayer: Praise God for my salvation and the gift of eternal life.


Read: Psalm 91:11-12, 15 – 16; Matthew 18:10; Hebrews 12:22, 13:2

The psalmist described the means God uses to deliver us from danger. Psalm 91:11 – 12: “He will give His angels charge over thee. . .to keep thee… to bear thee up.” God has assigned His angels to protect us. Psalm 91:15 – 16: “I will deliver him.” God Himself intervenes on our behalf.  Sometimes He sends His angels, sometimes He intervenes personally.

Think About It: Have I been aware of the ministry of angels? Might there have been times when angels intervened to save me from some calamity, and I never knew it?

Prayer: Thank God for His deliverance, and His ministering angels.


Read: Psalm 91:2, 5, 8, 13, 15; 1 John 2:12 – 14

In light of God’s protection, deliverance, and gift of salvation, how shall we respond? What shall we do?

Think About It: What shall we do according to Psalm 91 v. 2? v. 5? v. 8?  v. 13? (What is the meaning of the symbolism in this verse?) v. 15?   

Prayer: That I might have a clear testimony to God’s saving grace.